Hayes Computer Networking Modems
Hayes Computer Networking Modems are a de facto standard for cable modems. The company began manufacturing cable modems in the 1980s and subsequently filed a lawsuit against Prometheus Products Inc. and U.S. Robotics for copyrighting their product. Even with the widespread adoption of cable modems, the company has faced internal dissension and continued to develop new products.
Hayes began manufacturing and marketing cable modems in the 1980s
Cable modems have become essential in the computer world, and the Hayes company began manufacturing and marketing cable models in the 1980s. In the early 1990s, the company experienced financial trouble and two bankruptcies. In the end, it surrendered to cheaper and faster competitors. Despite its bankruptcy, the Hayes founder remained chairman until recently, refusing to sell the company or accept an IPO until it was too late. The company also refused to shut down its outdated Atlanta plant, and spurned a lucrative buyout offer.
Initially, Hayes focused on making cable modems that were compatible with the Altair computers. These devices were sold for around $379. Then, the company launched the Micromodem II, a cable modem that connected to the Apple II computer using an external box and a Microcoupler. The company was able to gain momentum, and the company's brand was synonymous with modem technology.
The Hayes Computer Networking Modems company began manufacturing and marketing cable modems in 1982. As the internet's use grew rapidly, the company developed more efficient and faster systems to connect computers. This increased demand led to the rapid development of computer technology, which meant that it was essential for the company to develop and market cable modems.
Modern cable modems use a proprietary cable to connect to the Internet. The cable is made from copper wire, which is a low-density metal that can carry large amounts of data. It also has high bandwidth. The cable modem is very durable, and it does not need frequent replacement. Further, the cable modem is designed to withstand high levels of heat and power.
Cable modems are also available with a leased line. Leased lines are telephone lines connected at telco central offices and are capable of transmitting computer data. The power and signaling limitations of an ordinary switched telephone line make dial-up modem ineffective. But leased-line modems operate over telephone company lines and have better performance.
Hayes filed suit against Prometheus Products Inc. and U.S. Robotics
In 1986, Hayes Computer Networking Modems sued Prometheus Products Inc. and U.S. Robotics for patent infringement. Hayes had received a patent from Heatherington, U.S. Patent 4,549,302, which protected a modem escape sequence and defined safe data transmission over telephone lines. Hayes filed letters with approximately 170 manufacturers, asking them to license the patent for use in their products.
While struggling with bankruptcy and avoiding hostile takeovers, Hayes Computer Networking Modems' reputation suffered due to internal discord and disputes. In addition, Hayes' executive team included Dennis Hayes, who stepped down as CEO. In September, the company replaced him with P. K. Chan, vice-president of operations. The three "Amigos" praised Hayes' vision and argued that he should step away from day-to-day operations. Hayes sued them for insubordination.
After the divorce, Hayes' business suffered. In August 1989, the company acquired JT Fax and Practical Peripherals Inc., both of which had a large number of customers. Hayes cut their workforce by nearly ten percent in October 1989, and they were still able to hold a majority of the 300 and 1200-baud markets in 1985.
As PC makers began bundling modems with nearly every product, Hayes' share of the PC modem market dropped to about three percent last year. The company eventually fell behind in technology and had to file for bankruptcy twice. Hayes' founder, Dennis Hayes, remained chairman until recently. But after a series of bankruptcy filings, he reorganized the company with a subsidiary called Access Beyond Inc.
The court rejected Diamond's takeover proposal, although the company wished to retain the Hayes name. Instead, Diamond's president William Schroder wanted to "tighten up" operations. A Georgia judge rejected Diamond's takeover plan in March 1996, citing concerns that the takeover would lead to job losses for Hayes' employees.
The Hayes lawsuit alleges that U.S. Robotics and Prometheus Products Inc. patented Hayes' technology. Hayes is seeking damages for unfair trade practices. During trial, Hayes will likely seek to recover its damages. The company intends to settle for as much as $10 million.
Hayes is a de facto standard
When it comes to computer networking, the Hayes command set has become de facto standard. Hayes is a de facto standard, which means that any computer networking modem will comply with its standards. The Hayes modems were released in 1981. They were relatively inexpensive, selling around 140,000 units per year. However, they did not provide error correction. Eventually, other manufacturers caught up, and their products became compatible with Hayes.
The Hayes command set was developed in the early 1980s, and most computer networking modems are Hayes-compatible. But when the personal computer started being widely used, it began to lag behind. The reason for this was that personal computers were becoming increasingly powerful, and they could deal with the differences with device drivers. In addition to the device driver, Microsoft Windows began to address this issue at the operating system level.
Despite the lag between Hayes and the new standard, the Hayes command set is still widely used. Although Hayes is de facto standard, it is not universally accepted. Despite its lack of universality, Hayes modems are compatible with old and new applications and software. In fact, these devices are often backwards-compatible.
In the early 1980s, the AT&T network required that all devices connected to the network be Hayes compatible. In 1978, Texas Instruments introduced the Silent 700, a portable terminal with a built-in modem. The device connected to a telephone handset using an acoustic coupler. In 1984, Dennis Hayes introduced the Hayes Smartmodem 300, which was compatible with Hayes modems.
The first commercially available modems were created for the SAGE air-defense system. These devices allowed military data to be transmitted via dedicated telephone lines. However, as computer use increased, the need for communications increased as well. In 1962, AT&T began producing commercial modems. Their Bell 103 model allowed full-duplex transmission using Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) modulation. In the following years, other manufacturers began producing lower-cost models, including the AT&T 113D and 113B/C modems.
Despite the de facto standard of Hayes, some computer networking modems may not support this feature. In such cases, communication programs designed for 16550 UART support are necessary to provide reliable service. Some computer networking modems may not support Hayes, which requires software handshaking. For this case, software handshaking or ESP becomes the only viable solution.
Hayes had internal dissension
The Hayes Computer Networking Modems company experienced internal dissension during the 1990s, as it fought a bitter battle against bankruptcy and hostile takeovers. Hayes employees reportedly resented the company's sloppy work and criticized the company's decision to merge with JT Fax in August 1989. By October, the company had cut its staff by almost ten percent and had relocated product development teams to a new facility. Hayes was forced to file for bankruptcy due to this dissension.
Despite its history, Hayes Computer Networking Modems was not a success, with internal dissension resulting in a lack of direction and leadership. Hayes Corporation twice filed for bankruptcy protection in the 1990s, and had a difficult time staying afloat. Eventually, it surrendered to competitors that were cheaper and faster. Howard was forced to shut down the company after a bankruptcy filing and was forced to lay off 250 employees. He then reorganized the company with the help of Access Beyond Inc.
To combat this, Hayes entered the RAS market in 1996 and began competing with Cisco Systems Inc., 3Com Corp., and U.S. Robotics. By the end of 1997, Hayes was shipping a series of modular RASs and was collaborating with Alcatel on the xDSL technology. The Hayes AT command set was used in the company's smart-card modems.
The micromodem II was the first computer networking modem to directly connect to the telephone network. The demand for these devices continued to grow due to the new availability of inexpensive and programmable modems. The popularity of Bulletin Board Systems spurred demand for these devices. Initially, Hayes Microcomputer Products was the only company in the market, but competitors quickly copied the design and Hayes Command Set. As a result, Hayes lost market share and sales dropped.